Analysis.Visual Space. Fractal

Following our further research about Laisves Avenue we found an interesting article. ‘ The Analysis of the Quarters at the Laisves Avenue According to the Methods of Visual Space and Fractal Analysis’ (Sabina Krūminaitė). It investigates historically formed regularities of the spatial structure and building up in the Laisves Avenue neighbouring quarters. Quarters at Laisves Avenue were analysed according fractal analysis, methods of visual space, the peculiarity of the quarters spatial structure, building up and functional aspects. Analysis were determined in the period between 1940 and 2005 were situation in 1940 is treated as standard state of urban fabric whereas data discovered in 2005 as its transformation.

It is crucial to understand the context of site to determine its peculiarities that any further space developments would improve the quality of space while keeping its identity.

Laisves Avenue

I will summarize the facts from analysis about the quarter which covers over building site.

NUMBER OF VISUAL SPACES

Parameter used to determine visual spaces at quarters of Laisves Avenue:

  1. Very small spaces (2-5 m diameter)
  2. Small ( 5-15m diameter)
  3. Average ( 15-30m diameter)
  4. Big (> 30m diameter)

Analysis has shown that in both periods 1940 and 2005 dominant spaces were small (5-15m diameter). Second place took average size spaces (15-30m diameter) and third- big spaces (>30m diameter).

The number of very small spaces has increased in the quarter where our building site is situated.

The number of small spaces in 1940 was biggest in the quarter where our building site is situated (62, 3%) while it has decreased in 2005.

The number of average spaces in 1940 was smallest in the quarter where our building site is situated (19 %) while it has increased in 2005.

The number of big spaces has increased in the quarter where our building site is situated comparing 1940 and 2005 situation.

According to configuration of visual spaces they were determined as:

  1. Compact (similar to square, circle or equilateral triangle)
  2. Elongated

According to analysis summary, elongated spaces were dominant in all quarters at Laisves Avenue in 1940 and 2005.However, what concerns the quarter where our building site is situated, the compact number of spaces has decreased.

Build up analysis has revealed that the number of buildings has decreased in the quarter where our building site is situated.

NUMBER OF BUILDINGS

In 1940 in the quarter where our building site is situated the dominant building construction was wooden (51,4%)

Analysis has shown that in 1940 the dominant height of buildings were 1-4 storey while in 2005 it has increased to 5-6 storey buildings.

Quarter’s functional content analysis has shown that quarter where our building site is situated in 1940 had one of the biggest amounts of different functions -19 different kinds in total which has changed significantly in 2005. The most common functions in 1940 were residence, economic and trading. In 2005 functions like educational commercial, treatment and small manufacture became quite common.

Analysis has shown different aspects of space transformation during the time. Even though in here I am showing only relevant information to our building site it is important to understand quarter’s role in whole Laisves Avenue. According to fractal analysis, even though space structure in 1940 was not very harmonious in 2005 it became worse.

Original article can be found in here :

http://archive.minfolit.lt/arch/8001/8445.pdf

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